Approximately 10 percent of people in the U.S. have diabetes, but 1 out of 4 don’t know it. When diabetes goes undiagnosed, it can cause other serious health problems.
Diabetes is a chronic disease caused when the body cannot produce or use insulin efficiently, making it harder to maintain appropriate glucose levels in the blood to produce energy for the body.
There are different kinds of diabetes. People who have Type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin. They must monitor their blood glucose throughout the day, and treat high levels with insulin injections. Most cases of diabetes are Type 2 – 90 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – in which the body does not use insulin effectively. This is known as insulin resistance.
To learn more about diabetes, check out APHA’s recent storify – Sweet Illusions.